What Causes Rectum Cancer?

What Causes Rectum Cancer?

It is the last part of the large intestine in the digestive system. It extends from the end of the large intestine to where the anus begins. What causes rectum cancer? It is an organ where feces are stored and stored temporarily before being expelled, during the final stage of bowel movements. At the same time, it helps to expel feces by contracting and relaxing the muscles of the anus. Some diseases can cause damage to the rectum.
It is approximately 12 to 15 cm long and 4 to 6 cm in diameter. A healthy rectum is lined with a mucosal membrane whose inner wall is moist and smooth.

What Causes Rectum Cancer? What are the symptoms?

It is a type of cancer that occurs in the last part of the large intestine. It often originates from polyps, similar to cancer of the large intestine, and can develop into cancer cells over time. It mostly occurs after the age of 50 and usually does not show any symptoms. However, as the cancer grows, symptoms such as rectal bleeding, constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain and weight loss may occur.
Cancer can also spread to other organs. (may metastasize) For diagnosis and treatment processes, What causes rectal cancer? How quickly does cancer spread? These are first determined by your doctor. Cancer can be divided into different types, but the two most common types are adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.

What Causes Rectum Cancer?

Adenocarcinoma:
Approximately are adenocarcinoma. Its type originates from gland cells located on the inner surface of the large intestine.

Squamous cell carcinoma:
It is much less common and occurs on the anus side of the rectum. Squamous cell carcinoma is a type of cancer more commonly called cancer of the anus.

Other types may also occur, although rarely, but adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are the most common types. The type of cancer is important in determining the treatment and prognosis of the disease. What causes rectum cancer? You can contact our team for diagnosis and treatment process.

Methods Used for Diagnosis of Rectum Cancer

It is diagnosed using a series of tests and imaging methods. The purpose of these tests is to determine how far the cancer has progressed and what treatment options are most appropriate. Some methods used to diagnose cancer are as follows.
colonoscopy
In this test, the rectum and large intestine are viewed with a thin and flexible tube. The tube has a camera at the end and the doctor can examine the lining of the intestine. This test can be used to diagnose the presence of cancerous cells.
Biopsy
During a colonoscopy, when doctors observe an abnormal area in the rectum, they take a piece of tissue and send it to the laboratory. Biopsy results help determine the presence and spread of cancer.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): MRI uses computed tomography (CT)-style imaging technology and can be used to determine the spread of cancer. MRI can also be used to detect whether cancer has metastasized to other organs.
blood tests
It can be used to determine the spread of cancer. For example, liver function tests can be used to determine whether cancer has spread to the liver.
What causes rectal cancer? Once the diagnosis is made, the treatment plan is determined according to the patient's condition and the stage of the cancer.