It is cancer of the digestive and hormone-secreting organ called the pancreas. This type of cancer is often diagnosed in advanced stages, especially since it does not cause symptoms in the early stages. However, What causes pancreatic cancer? If symptoms are noticed, the chances of early diagnosis and treatment may increase.
Risk factors include old age, smoking, family history, obesity, pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) and diabetes. Additionally, some genetic syndromes may also increase your risk.
Diagnosis is usually made by methods such as blood tests, imaging tests (computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, etc.), biopsy and laparoscopy.
What Causes Pancreatic Cancer? What are the symptoms?
It is a type of cancer that does not show symptoms in the early stages. Therefore, cancer is often diagnosed in advanced stages. However, some symptoms appear as the disease progresses. Symptoms of cancer may include:
Abdominal pain: It can cause severe and constant pain in the abdominal area.
Loss of appetite: It may cause weight loss by reducing appetite.
Nausea and vomiting: Stomach discomfort may cause nausea and vomiting.
Jaundice: Yellowing of the skin and eyes, known as jaundice. pancreatic cancer Why does it happen? It is among the symptoms in their research.
Skin itching: May cause skin itching.
Diarrhea or constipation: May cause changes in bowel movements.
Fatigue and weakness: It can drain your body of energy and cause feelings of tiredness and weakness.
Because it often occurs in advanced stages, early diagnosis can be difficult. Therefore, if there are suspicions or risk factors, it is important to have regular health checks.
Pancreatic Cancer Diagnosis
It is done using a series of tests and procedures. These may include:
Blood tests: There are certain blood tests that can determine its presence. These tests look for proteins in your blood called cancer markers. The marker called CA19-9 is one of the most frequently used.
Physical examination: Doctor, pancreatic cancer Why does it happen? He or she will perform a physical examination to understand your symptoms and evaluate any other health problems you may have.
Imaging tests: There are several imaging tests used to detect cancer. These include computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS).
Biopsy: A sample of tissue may need to be taken to confirm the diagnosis. The biopsy may be taken using a needle or during an endoscopic procedure.
Laparoscopy: Laparoscopy is a procedure that allows looking at organs in the abdomen through a tube equipped with a camera and instruments. Laparoscopy may be used to diagnose
These diagnostic tests and procedures can provide information about the presence, spread, and size of cancer. This information can be used to determine treatment options and decide how to treat the cancer.
Once diagnosed, the treatment process can be quite challenging and stressful. The patient may face a number of difficulties as follows.
Treatment options: pancreatic cancer Why does it happen? Treatment may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination. The patient discusses treatment options with his doctor and tries to choose the best option for himself.
Surgical intervention: Surgery is a very difficult operation and usually requires a long recovery period. After the operation, the patient should act in accordance with the doctor's instructions on issues such as wound care and nutrition.
Side effects: Cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can cause a variety of side effects. The patient may take special medications or treatments to combat these side effects.
Psychological difficulties: Many people may face emotional difficulties such as anxiety, fear, and depression. Getting psychological support can help the patient struggle through this process.
Diet and nutrition: Diet and nutrition can create significant challenges. The patient must meet his nutritional needs by making changes in his diet.
Prognosis: It usually has a poor prognosis if not diagnosed in the early stages. Therefore, the patient and his family may have to confront this reality and determine how to prepare for the future.
Although it is difficult to cope with these difficulties, the patient and his family can try to overcome this process more easily by following the doctor's instructions, receiving psychological support and supporting each other. People and their families who are diagnosed with a serious illness may face many challenges. In this case, psychological support is of great importance.
pancreatic cancer Why does it happen? Treatment may include aggressive methods such as surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy, and the side effects of these treatments can be serious. Therefore, it is quite common for patients to experience anxiety, depression, hopelessness, and stress during their treatment.