As a result of the weakening or tearing of the muscles, the muscles called the diaphragm are pushed towards the chest cavity underneath. What is a hiatal hernia? It is one of the questions that patients are most curious about. In this case, the acidic liquid used to digest food in the stomach may leak back into the esophagus and cause reflux.
It usually causes no symptoms and may be detected incidentally during an x-ray or endoscopy. However, in some cases, complaints such as chest pain, chest burning, difficulty swallowing, indigestion and shortness of breath may occur. In most cases, no treatment is needed. However, people with severe symptoms may require dietary changes, medications, and in some cases, surgical treatment.
What is Hiatal Hernia? What are the Latest Developments?
Many studies have been done. These include topics such as diagnosis and treatment of hiatal hernia, risk factors, symptoms, complications and preventive measures.
One study found that treating patients diagnosed with hiatal hernia reduced symptoms and improved quality of life. Moreover, What is a stomach hernia? In their research, the effectiveness of surgical interventions was also examined and it was observed that the symptoms decreased and the quality of life increased in the majority of patients.
Another study found that factors such as obesity, older age, excessive alcohol consumption and smoking increase the risk of hiatal hernia. Therefore, reducing or eliminating these risk factors may help prevent its occurrence.
Other related research includes the treatment and prevention of conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Barrett's esophagus, esophagitis, and other complications. All of this research helps provide better understanding of its diagnosis and treatment and improve patients' quality of life.
What should patients with hiatal hernia pay attention to?
It can affect patients' daily lives in various ways. While some patients show no symptoms, others may experience symptoms such as pain, burning sensation, indigestion, difficulty swallowing and reflux. These symptoms can make it difficult for patients to function in their daily lives, participate in social activities, and even sleep.
What is a hiatal hernia? Among its symptoms and complaints, it causes reflux of acidic fluid in the esophagus, which can lead to more serious complications such as chronic esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, and even esophageal cancer. Therefore, it is important for patients to monitor their symptoms and receive treatment as necessary.
It can be treated with dietary changes, medications and surgery. Patients may be advised to avoid acidic foods, spicy foods, chocolate and caffeine in their diet, avoid going to bed after meals, eat in small portions and lose weight. While medications can help reduce symptoms, surgical treatments can help eliminate severe symptoms.
It is important for patients with hiatal hernia to communicate regularly with their doctors to keep their symptoms under control, which may affect their daily lives.