It is a type of cancer that occurs as a result of abnormal growth and proliferation in the cells of the esophagus. It is the muscular tube that extends from the mouth to the stomach and plays a role in swallowing and digesting food in the stomach. What causes esophageal cancer? The exact cause is unknown. But some risk factors are:
Factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, being overweight, persistent injury or irritation of the esophagus, and Barrett's esophagus are among the factors.
Smokers have a higher risk of getting cancer than non-smokers.
Excessive alcohol consumption may increase the risk. Alcohol can damage tissues and cause cancer.
Repeated injury or irritation. These damages may be related to conditions such as reflux disease, entrapment of foreign objects or difficulty swallowing.
Barrett's esophagus is a condition in which the tissues in the lower part of the esophagus change to resemble that of the stomach.
Being overweight or obese.
What causes esophageal cancer? Studies suggest that some genetic factors increase the risk.
Cancer usually occurs after age 50.
The exact cause is unknown, but the above risk factors may contribute to its development. Except for the uncontrollable of these risk factors (age and genetic factors), it is possible to reduce the risk by making healthy lifestyle choices.
What are the Causes of Esophagus Cancer?
Research continues. These studies are conducted to understand exactly how cancer forms and develops.
Reviews show that it is caused by many factors. Some of them, as mentioned above, are factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, being overweight, persistent injury or irritation of the esophagus, Barrett's esophagus.
Additionally, environmental factors are thought to be effective in the development of esophageal cancer. For example, chemicals, radiation and some viruses It is thought that this may be the reason.
However, in recent years What causes esophageal cancer? Their research suggests that genetic factors may also play an important role. It is thought to increase the risk.
Esophageal Cancer Treatment Processes
The patient's cancer stage and treatment method. The treatment period can usually last from several months to several years.
Surgical treatment is usually applied in the early stages and the treatment period can last approximately 2-3 months. The patient may stay in the hospital for a few days or a few weeks. Post-operative recovery may vary depending on the patient's age, general health, and how major the surgery is.
Other treatment methods such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy may also be used. Radiotherapy can be administered in daily sessions, usually lasting 5-7 weeks. Chemotherapy can be administered in weekly or monthly sessions and its duration can usually vary between 3-6 months.
It depends on the patient's side effects as well as the effectiveness of the treatment and the process of controlling the spread of the cancer. What causes esophageal cancer? You can consult your doctor to deal with the treatment duration and side effects.