Rectum Cancer Treatment

Rectum cancer treatment

It is a type of cancer that occurs as a result of the cells in the rectum (the last part of the large intestine) becoming cancerous. It is often seen together with colon cancer and is one of the most common types of cancer of the large intestine. Rectum cancer treatment Early diagnosis is important for However, as cancer progresses, treatment options and outcomes may become more difficult.
Risk factors include old age, heredity factors, smoking, obesity and a history of colon cancer. Symptoms may include bloody stools, constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain, weight loss and fatigue. Diagnosis is made through methods such as physical examination, endoscopic examinations, imaging tests and biopsy.

Rectum Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis Process

It is done using several different methods. These methods may include physical examination, endoscopic examinations, imaging tests and biopsy.

physical examination
Diagnosis of cancer begins with a rectal examination. The doctor performs a digital examination of the patient's rectum and large intestine. This examination can help determine the location and size of the tumor.

Endoscopic examinations
It is used to view the inner surface of the rectum. These examinations include sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy. An instrument containing a thin camera and light source images the inside of the rectum. These images can help determine the location and size of the tumor.

imaging tests
These include x-ray, computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography (PET). These tests can help determine the size, location, and spread of cancer. Rectum cancer treatment It is important for.

Rectum cancer treatment

Biopsy
A biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis. A biopsy involves taking a tissue sample from a tumor located in the rectum or another area of the colon. This sample is then examined under a microscope and the presence or absence of cancerous cells is determined.

Stages of Rectum Cancer

It is a classification used to determine how advanced the cancer is. Rectum cancer is classified into 4 stages:

Stage I: The tumor covers only the inner layer of the rectum and has not spread to surrounding tissues.

II. Stage: Covers the middle layer

Stage III: It covers the outer layer and has spread to surrounding tissues or lymph nodes.

Stage IV: Cancer has spread to other organs outside the rectum.

The stages of rectal cancer help determine the extent to which the cancer has spread. This information is important in treatment planning. early stage rectum cancer treatment During treatment, advanced cancers may be more challenging to treat.