It is a type of cancer that occurs as a result of abnormal growth and proliferation of cells in the bile duct. bile duct cancerThese are the channels through which bile passing from the liver through the gallbladder is carried to the intestines.
It is a type of cancer that is treatable if diagnosed in the early stages. However, it does not cause symptoms in the early stages and is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage. Symptoms include abdominal pain, jaundice, weight loss, loss of appetite and nausea.
Imaging tests (ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging) and blood tests are usually performed for diagnosis. Treatment methods include surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The treatment method is determined according to the stage and spread of the cancer.
It is a rare type of cancer. However, risk factors include old age, familial transmission, chronic biliary tract inflammation, gallstones and cirrhosis. Adopting a healthy lifestyle, eating a healthy diet and exercising can help reduce the risk of biliary tract cancer.
Causes of Bile Duct Cancer
bile duct cancer Although the exact cause is unknown, some factors are thought to increase the risk. These include:
- familial transmission
- Chronic biliary tract inflammation Gallbladder diseases
- cirrhosis patients
- alcohol use
- viral infections
- chemical exposure
bile duct cancer To reduce the risk, it is important to adopt a healthy lifestyle, exercise regularly, eat a balanced diet and not smoke. It is also important to have risk factors such as chronic biliary tract inflammation or gallbladder disease treated.
What are the treatment options?
It may vary depending on the stage, size, location of the cancer and the person's general health condition. Treatment options include:
- Surgical intervention: The most effective method is surgical removal of cancerous tissue. The surgical method may vary depending on the spread, size and location of the cancer.
- Chemotherapy: It is a treatment method with drugs used to prevent the growth and proliferation of cancer cells. Its response varies and is often used in conjunction with other treatment methods.
- Radiotherapy: It is a treatment method that uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells. It is often used together with surgery or chemotherapy.
- Endoscopic stent placement can be used to keep the bile ducts open and reduce symptoms of jaundice. This method is done by inserting a small tube into the bile ducts.
bile duct cancer, Treatment options are determined by the stage of the cancer, the person's general health and other factors.