Stages of Pancreatic Cancer

Stages of Pancreatic Cancer

It is a type of cancer that occurs as a result of abnormal and uncontrolled growth of pancreatic cells. Although the exact reason for this is not known, several factors are thought to increase the risk. patients pancreatic cancer stages When they think about it, there are factors such as age, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, obesity, consuming high sugar foods, familial transmission history and chronic pancreatitis. Additionally, some genetic conditions may also increase the risk of pancreatic cancer.

It may not show any obvious symptoms in its early stages, but as it progresses, symptoms may appear. These symptoms may include abdominal pain, back pain, loss of appetite, weight loss, nausea and vomiting, jaundice, and diabetic symptoms.

What is the Development Process of Pancreatic Cancer?

Although the exact reasons for its formation are unknown, some risk factors may increase the likelihood of developing cancer. These risk factors are:

  • Age
  • Gender
  • smoking
  • excessive alcohol consumption
  • Obesity
  • family history
  • Some genetic syndromes
Stages of Pancreatic Cancer

If more than one risk factor coexists in the development of pancreatic cancer, the likelihood of developing cancer may be even higher. However, the question is pancreatic cancer stages It often occurs without any apparent cause.

What are the Stages of Pancreatic Cancer?

It can be determined through a process called staging. These stages are used to estimate the extent of cancer and its likelihood of responding to treatment. Pancreatic cancer is generally divided into the following stages.

Stage 1

It is found only in a small part of the pancreas and has not spread to nearby tissues.

Stage 2

It has spread to a larger part of the pancreas, but has not yet spread to nearby lymph nodes or other organs.

Stage 3

It has spread to most of the body and has also spread to nearby lymph nodes.

Stage 4

It has spread to other organs or tissues beyond the pancreas, so it is called distant metastasis.

In addition to these stages, there are also substages A and B, depending on the degree of spread of the cancer. Stage A indicates that the cancer is confined to a limited area of the pancreas, while stage B indicates that the cancer has emerged from the pancreas.

Its stage can have a significant impact on the treatment and prognosis of the disease. Therefore, when diagnosed with cancer, patients must undergo a series of tests and scans to determine the stage of the cancer. Pancreatic cancer stages How does it develop and how is it treated? You can get detailed information about it by contacting our team.

Treatment Options

Surgical treatment
In its early stages, surgery may be performed to remove cancerous cells. This procedure can be performed using different procedures called Whipple surgery or distal pancreatectomy, depending on the size and location of the tumor.

Chemotherapy
It involves the use of drugs that prevent cancer cells from growing and multiplying. Chemotherapy is often used after surgical treatment or in advanced stages of cancer.

Radiotherapy
It is a treatment method that aims to destroy cancerous cells using high-energy rays.

Immunotherapy
It is a treatment method that prevents the growth of cancer cells by stimulating the immune system to fight against cancer cells. This treatment is often used together with chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

It can be applied as a combination of one or more treatment methods, depending on the patient's general health condition and the stage of the cancer. Each patient's treatment plan may be different. pancreatic cancer phases It is important to consult a specialist regarding its treatment.